Corneopuncture

Corneopuncture©

The treatment methodology that combines cosmetic non-invasive electro-acupuncture protocols without needles and Corneotherapy treatments is Corneopuncture©.

According to Traditional Chinese Medicine, acupuncture helps restore balance in the body by activating your “qi” (pronounced “chee”) or life force. A disrupted qi can lead to pain, illness or other conditions. “The therapy can help with optimal performance and recovery from training sessions thanks to how effectively it releases trigger points.”

Electroacupuncture

uses the same principles and pressure points as the traditional needling method, but it adds a microcurrent to the point stimulated. Practitioners adjust the frequency of the current and the number of electrons that flow through the wire to the body. “[This method] enhances the function of that specific point and activates different types of regeneration in the body.

Besides working through pressure points, the therapy also taps into your nervous system. “Low frequency electroacupuncture is said to be associated with a greater output of endorphins from the nervous system,” .

These endorphins circulate in your bloodstream longer, providing an extended period of pain relief compared to acupuncture alone.” The neutrons traveling throughout your body can also provide better tissue healing and wound repair.

Recently, researchers found that the treatment can also benefit gut health, particularly for those suffering from chronic constipation. And it may help relieve symptoms of joint pain, fatigue and depression in breast cancer patients.

Corneotherapy

is a remedial skin treatment methodology with its core principle being the repair and maintenance of the skin barrier defence systems. As the name suggests, Corneotherapy is closely related to Corneobiology, which is the physiological, biologic and biochemical processes of the stratum corneum; the outermost layer of the epidermis.

 

It is now widely understood that the outer layer of corneocytes of the stratum corneum is a biologically active cellular tissue. The co-inventor of Retin-A, U.S. dermatologist Dr Albert Kligman and his partners discovered that the stratum corneum, and the lipid barrier that keeps it intact, play a significant role in skin health; it can send many signals to the underlying living epidermis and influences the regenerative processes in deeper layers of the skin.

This understanding of skin health, along with appropriate interventions and topical treatments is an ensemble of therapies that Dr Kligman labelled “Corneotherapy”.

With this knowledge, Corneotherapy centric therapeutic interventions have shown that optimally functioning barrier defences, including a healthy innate immune system can prevent or reduce structural inflammation that is the precursor to many anomalous skin conditions such as EFAD, Xerosis, Itchyosis, and Eczema.

These preventative interventions are primarily directed to correction and restoration of the stratum corneum and barrier defence systems that have been rendered defective or impaired by disease, or intrinsic and extrinsic factors.

Corneotherapy  cosmetics (physiological cosmetics) are free of:

  • emulsifiers,
  • preservatives,
  • perfumes,
  • mineral oils,
  • silicones,
  • dyes and
  • amines.

Regarding the chemical and physical composition of Corneotherapy cosmetics resemble the membrane structure of the natural skin barrier and thus correspond to the physiological criteria to maintain a healthy skin.

Corneotherapy cosmetics are available in dermatological practices with affiliated cosmetic division, beauty institutes, spas and authorized pharmacies.

Device-assisted techniques and preparations allow multifunctional work:

Besides the large variety of finished products our concept allows to adapt creams, masks, packs, lotions and serums to massage, regular beauty treatments and ultrasound media to unleash all the natural active agents and concentrates by active agent stimulation under the influence of energy, and onset of the particular active agent action to result in treating specific skin conditions. This enables beauty institutes to practically treat any type of skin condition with a few products only.

Nanoparticles

Corneotherapy uses active agent concentrates with liquid biodegradable nanoparticles and liposomes.

Medium particle size of Corneotherapy nanoparticles is between 80 and 200 nm (depending on the product and the encapsulated active agents).

All the nanoparticles used are biodegradable; they are not subject to the tighter safety regulations for solid and non-biodegradable nanoparticles specified in the Cosmetic Directive.

The liquid nanoparticles of Corneotherapy preparations are already disintegrated into their components on the skin surface. In this process the skin barrier layers are fluidized and the encapsulated active agents can pass through the skin barrier.

The structure forming component of nanoparticles is phosphatidylcholine (PC).Liquid nanoparticles are sometimes called nanosomes based on the term liposomes. Also the term nanoemulsion is occasionally found. It should however be mentioned that phosphatidylcholine has little in common with emulsifiers resp. emulsions. PC is a natural substance of the body and responsible for the transport of lipids in the lymphatic system and the bloodstream. PC is completely metabolized and supplies the skin with the essential substances choline, linoleic acid and small amounts of alpha-linolenic acid.

Liposomes

Liposomes are the bilayer variant of nanoparticles. Their structure is oriented towards natural cells. In contrast to nanoparticles they have an aqueous interior and hence are predestined to encapsulate aqueous cosmetic and pharmaceutical active agents.

Ingredients of biotechnology

In cases where ingredients of identical composition but different origin are available, our selection of ingredients is based on the chemical and physical analyses. Corneotherapy uses a synthetically produced nature identical substance of higher quality compared to a natural substance with minor quality.

The reverse applies for glycerin. Natural glycerin, gained from saponification of vegetable oils, is available in excellent quality.

Vitamins are synthetically produced in nature’s identical form. They are available in excellent chemical purity, a fact that spares natural resources. In the case of tocopherol (vitamin E), dl-alpha-tocopherol and dl-alpha-tocopheryl acetate are used.

Mineral oils

All our Corneotherapy preparations are free of mineral oils.

All our Corneotherapy preparations are also free of related substances such as petrolatum (Vaseline), paraffin and mineral waxes (ceresin waxes).

Alcohol in food grade quality

Corneotherapy preparations contain alcohol in food grade quality. Food grade alcohol doesn’t contain hidden plasticizers such as Diethyl Phthalate. The low alcohol concentrations in Corneotherapy preparations have no dehydrating effects on the skin.

Preservatives

Corneotherapy preparations are free of preservatives.

Practically all of the low molecular, readily water-soluble substances have preservative features in higher concentrations. Among these substances are foods and natural substances of the skin as for instance salt (example: salted herrings), sugar (example: honey), alcohol, sorbitol (natural sugar alcohol) and glycerin (trivalent alcohol). These substances will not trigger allergic reactions under normal circumstances. That effect is based on physical properties and intensified by the alcoholic functionality. Microorganisms cannot survive in these aqueous solutions.

Glycols (bivalent alcohols) such as propylene glycol have similar preservative properties. Like almost all the water-soluble substances, glycols also bind water (moisturizer effect) and are easily biodegradable.

Polyethylene glycols (PEGs) – Corneotherapy preparations are free of polyethylene glycols.

The glycols used in Corneotherapy preparations are dosed in such a manner that they have moisture-retaining and antimicrobial effects on the one hand but will not irritate the skin. Glycerin and alcohol will not dehydrate the skin in these particular concentrations.

Expiry dates

The expiry dates of Corneotherapy preparations reach from 12 to 36 months and after opening from 3 to 6 months (symbol: opened jar). Low expiry dates do not result from lacking preservatives but from oxygen sensitive essential fatty acids and vitamins.

Vegetable oils

The content of the pure vegetable oils in the supply bottles is about 99.8 per cent. The remaining 0.2 percent relate to the anti-oxidative vitamins C and E dissolved in neutral oil and alcohol (INCI: Alcohol, Tocopherol, Caprylic/Capric Triglyceride, Ascorbyl Palmitate, Ascorbic Acid, Citric Acid). Citric acid absorbs the catalytic-acting traces of heavy metals that can find their way into the oils during use. The additives protect the sensitive oils that contain essential (unsaturated) acids.

Some of the oils, such as avocado oil, tend to flocculate when stored in the refrigerator; the flocculation dissolves with heating and is an indicator for the high content of skin caring phytosterols, or in other words, for the excellent quality of the product.

INCI terms such as Olus Oil and Vegetable Oil generally relate to rapeseed (also canola) oil.

Caprylic/Capric Triglyceride (neutral oil) is gained by refining of coconut oil. Corneotherapy does not use palm kernel oil.

Perfumes

Corneotherapy preparations are free of perfumes. Natural essential oils are used as components of products and will not remain on the skin (so-called rinse-off-products). They cover the inherent smell of the cleansing sugar tensides.

Emulsifiers

Corneotherapy creams are free of emulsifiers.

Since Corneotherapy preparations are free of emulsifiers there is no need for neutralising agents such as amines, especially alkanolamines.

Emulsifiers are avoided in order to minimize the washout of both skin barrier and fatty skin care substances when the skin comes in contact with water.

Emulsifiers are substances that either stabilize lipids and oils as droplets in water, or vice versa, water droplets in oil. They enable the manufacturing of creams.

In order to incorporate skin caring oils and lipids into its Corneotherapy creams, Corneotherapy replaces emulsifiers by natural membrane substances, such as phosphatidylcholine (INCI: Lecithin, Hydrogenated Lecithin), ceramides (INCI: Ceramide 3 = Ceramide NP) and phytosterols (from shea butter, INCI: Butyrospermum Parkii). This specific technology requires high pressure homogenisation in the manufacturing process in order to produce an extremely fine membrane structure similar to the skin barrier. In the case of liposomes and nanodispersions, cellular bodies are formed with a structure and diameter that are comparable with vegetable or human cells but also with chylomicrons.

Only in a few preparations monoglycerides such as glyceryl undecylenate, glyceryl behenate, glyceryl stearate and glyceryl caprylate are used as consistency agents. They are analogous or identical components of the hydrolipidic film of the skin and biodegradable.

An additional feature of emulsifiers, alias tensides is their cleansing effect on the skin: combined with water, they remove fatty substances from the skin. Our cleansing gels and cleansing lotions contain tensides that are gentle on the skin.

Amines

Corneotherapy products do not contain amines.

Amines are auxiliary substances which serve for neutralizing anionic emulsifiers or adjusting the pH. Amines can react with atmospheric nitrogen oxides to form carcinogenic nitrosamines.

Exceptions are amino acids. They moisturize the skin and are able to protect the skin against atmospheric radicals.

The viscosity of various Corneotherapy preparations is controlled by consistency or stabilizing agents. In other words, we are speaking of polysaccharides (polymer sugars) such as xanthan gum, hyaluronic acid, alginic acid, starch, cellulose and their derivatives. Other substances, as for instance low concentrations of carbomers alias polyacrylates (sodium carbomer, alkyl acrylate crosspolymer etc.), form superficially smoothing films on the skin which are permeable to water vapor.

Artificial dyes

Corneotherapy preparations are free of artificial dyes.

Mineral oils

All our Corneotherapy preparations are free of mineral oils.

All our Corneotherapy preparations are also free of related substances such as petrolatum (Vaseline), paraffin and mineral waxes (ceresin waxes).

Silicones and siloxanes

All Corneotherapy preparations are free of silicones and siloxanes.

Natural silicic acid and its salts (silicates) occur in minerals (components of powders, lipsticks and liners) and in the horsetail extract.

Many of the Corneotherapy preparations contain phosphatidylcholine (PC).

The INCI terms are lecithin (= native PC; it contains bound essential fatty acids) and hydrogenated lecithin (hydrogenated PC; it contains bound saturated fatty acids).

Phosphatidylcholine is an essential component of herbal and human cell membranes; it is extracted from soy lecithin (about 30% PC). The INCI term for PC and the original lecithin is identical: “Lecithin”.

PC is extracted by means of high pressure liquid chromatography, a process that ensures that phosphatidylcholine is free of soy proteins.

Gene manipulated soy cannot be completely excluded. A comparison of the analyses of phosphatidylcholine from natural and from gene manipulated soy ensures that both are chemically identical.

Hydrogenated PC (= Hydrogenated Lecithin) is gained by hydrogenation of native PC (= Lecithin).

EDTA

Corneotherapy preparations are free of poorly biodegradable strong complexing agents such as EDTA (ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid).

Complexing agents are used as additives to protect the preparations against autoxidation.

UV filters

Corneotherapy uses advanced synthetic UV filters in its sun protection preparations, in particular filters based on triazines.

Corneotherapy S does not use mineral UV filters.

Mineral filters such as zinc oxide and titanium dioxide either are incompatible with the natural skin barrier structure of the preparations (saponification of triglycerides) or disadvantageous regarding their haptic properties. In the case of titanium dioxide, the current trend towards a larger particle size due to nanoparticle regulations is accompanied by the disadvantage of whitish residues on the skin.

pH value

The pH value of the skin surface averages approximately 5 (“acidic”) and depends on gender, age and skin area. The unimpaired acid mantle of the skin supports the natural skin flora and inhibits the growth of pathogenic microorganisms.

Water and skin care products with pH of 5-7 do not disturb the acid mantle of the skin as a rule, because the natural acidic buffer recovers the original pH immediately after treatment.

Most of the Corneotherapy products show a pH value of 6-7.

Products with pH values of 5-6 are Aloe vera extract, Green tea extract, Hamamelis extract, Liposome concentrates, Grape seed extract, Whitening Gel, Kiwi seed oil nanoparticles, Linseed oil nanoparticles, Butcher’s broom serum, Eye cream, Face tonic, Cleansing gels and Corneotherapy Sun creams.